Roses might be Red,
But Violets are not Blue,
And although sugar is sweet,
If you turn your client’s hair green, she will not love you!

It’s not a very good poem, but it does make a very important point about basic “COLOR THEORY”.

And to understand Color Theory you need to understand Primary Colors, Secondary Colors, Tertiary Colors and Complementary Colors.

As well as the terms Opposite, Cancel and Neutralize.

Primary Colors:
-Red
-Blue
-Yellow
*Think Superman

Secondary Colors:
-Green  (made by mixing Blue and Yellow)
-Orange (made by mixing Yellow and Red
-Violet (made by mixing Blue and Red)

Tertiary Colors:
-Made by mixing one Primary Color and One Secondary Color.

Complimentary Colors:
-Red & Green
-Blue & Orange
-Yellow & Violet
-These are colors located directly across from one another on  the Color Wheel
-They are Opposite
-They Cancel each other
-They Neutralize each other
*This is why the State Board Exam uses the terms:
Complimentary, Opposite, Cancel and Neutralize interchangeably.
-Milady / Cengage, 2012, page # 635
-Salon Fundamentals, 2012, Page # 495

Now try applying this information to the following real-world situation:
-An elderly woman with white hair is sitting in your chair at the salon.
-She is complaining that her husband’s cigar smoke is staining her hair and turning it yellow.
-She wants to know how you can get rid of this yellowish cast.
-You apply a Blue Toner for 10 minutes using 2% H202.
-After shampooing the mixture from her hair – her hair is Green!
-Why?

Explanation:
1-You applied Blue to Yellow and Blue + Yellow = Green (basic Color Theory).
2-The Complimentary Color of Yellow is Violet, not Blue.
3-Blue is the Complimentary Color of Orange.
4-Complimentary Colors are used to cancel or neutralize other colors.
5-So, if her hair was Orange, Blue would have been a good choice; but her hair was Yellow and the Complimentary Color of Yellow is Violet (you used Blue, your Bad).
6-Now here is the BIG QUESTION, since you turned her hair Green, what is the Complimentary Color of Green?

Now change the Real-World situation to this:
-A bubble-headed blonde sits in your chair complaining that you took the high-light foils off too soon and now her high-lights are yellow but she wanted them platinum blonde.
-You apply a Blue Toner for a few minutes using 10 v H202.
-After shampooing this mixture from her hair – her hair is Green!
– Why?

Explanation:
1-You applied Blue to Yellow and Blue + Yellow = Green (basic Color Theory).
2-The Complimentary Color of Yellow is Violet, not Blue.
3-Blue is the Complimentary Color of Orange.
4-Complimentary Colors are used to cancel or neutralize other colors.
5-So, if her hair was Orange, Blue would have been a good choice; but her hair was Yellow and the Complimentary Color of Yellow is Violet (you used Blue, your Bad).
6-Now here is the BIG QUESTION, since you turned her hair Green, what is the Complimentary Color of Green?

SOUND FAMILIAR?

Both of these two situations are taken directly from 2017 Cosmetology State Board Exam.

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